WHAT IS CLIMATE CHANGE AND PHYTOSANITY?

It is a project that has been under development since 2012 and refers to a comprehensive strategy that aims to mitigate the effect of climate change and the pressure of diseases in rice cultivation, for which an integrated process is proposed that It contemplates several strategies for monitoring and evaluating these factors, such as:

Phytosanitary monitoring

The establishment of sensor batches near meteorological stations

Constant monitoring of climatic factors

Behavior evaluation trials of cultivars at different planting seasons

Identification of probabilities of precipitation

Likewise, climate forecasts are generated in which the probabilities of precipitation are identified on a quarterly basis based on the normal historical behavior in each of the rice locations, information that together with the crop model products lead to the production of agroclimatic predictions, in which the periods of best environmental offer are defined for the beginning of the sowing cycle and the expected yield per variety under a certain probable climate scenario.


In this way

The rice producer is offered at the national level, in the four rice production zones, information on the phytosanitary status, as well as the climate scenario and the expected behavior in terms of yield, so that more accurate management decisions can be made to the environment is likely to be present and thus avoid damage to the crop or loss of yield.

KNOW THE

SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES OF THE PROJECT

Permanent and real-time monitoring of each of the climatic factors using the meteorological stations installed in the country.

Monthly analysis of the climatic behavior and the effect of each one of the climatic factors in the rice production of the different zones.

Strengthening decision-making on cultivation through weather forecasts and agroclimatic predictions.

Generation of the information necessary to mitigate the effects of climate change, through the investigation of the effects of climate and the environment on the physiology of the plant.

Design of management strategies that lead to mitigate the threat factors in the context of climate change.

Determination of optimal sowing times to obtain the highest productivity and health in each of the rice-growing areas.

Monitoring of phytosanitary problems derived from climate change and designing strategies for their control at the farm and regional level.

Obtaining risk maps of the main diseases of the crop.

Design of strategies for monitoring and control in situ of the main diseases present by area.

Permanent supervision of emerging pests, especially Sogata and white leaf virus (VHBA).

Development of knowledge and technologies to make a sanitary and efficient control of the management of phytophagous insects and diseases, involving the changing effects of the climate.